Pictures of Carpenter Ants

When you see a carpenter ant in our house that mean trouble! Carpenter ants are only found where there is wet and rotting wood to build their nests and wood to eat for survival. If you see carpenter ants in your home or cottage that means you have a nest nearby and you need to fix the problem right away before they take over.

The best way to make sure your house does not get infested with carpenter ants is to do the following:

  • Fix any wood that has been damaged or is current wet from moisture;
  • Provide proper ventilation for any areas where there is high humidity or moisture;
  • Do not store firewood inside your home;
  • If you have any trees close your house make sure that the tree limbs do not touch your home;
  • Make sure you remove all rotting wood from around your home and do not store rotting firewood, lumber or stumps.

When trying to locate where the carpenter ant nest is you need to simply follow the ants and see where they are going.  The job of the worker ant is to find food for the colony and to support the carpenter ant Queen.  Once you find the next you can dispose of it and ensure that you kill the Queen.  If there is no Queen carpenter ant then there will be no new crop of ants in your home.

Pictures of Dog Fleas

When dealing with Fleas you have to understand that they have a life cycle. The fleas infesting your dog are small and don’t fly and the only source of nourishment is from the blood of your dog. They are small but not too small that you cannot find them by just looking for them, having said that if your dog had dark fur it is much harder to spot them. A flea goes through four distinct stages in its lifetime: egg, larvae, pupae and adult. Female fleas lay eggs in batches of 18 to 22 eggs per gestation. They will lay their eggs on your do however a majority of those eggs fall off your dog and go elsewhere in your home and this is by design. In comparison to the mature lea which is visible to the naked eye – the flea eggs are very small greyish white in color and an oval shape not unlike a chicken egg just much much smaller. Once the flea eggs hatch the larvae feed on feces or rotting vegetable matter. Following the larvae stage they will quickly spin cocoons and hang tight for about two weeks while they mature. When they leave the cocoon they must quickly find a host, usually your dog or you and then begin the cycle of feeding off of the blood of the host.

The best way to treat your dog when he/she is infested with them is to consult with your veterinarian and kill the adult fleas and stop the cycle. This does involve that all bedding material and surround area be disinfected and treated as well. Fleas on your dog is not something you can cure in a day or two it takes weeks to kill the life cycle of the flea. Best of luck!

Pictures of Rats

Rats are like all vermin, they tend to congregate in areas where they can have safety from other predators and able to access food easily. Rats live in nests that are protected from the elements and provide warmth during the cold nights. The concern around a rat infestation is that rats are known to carry diseases such as Salmonella, Weil’s disease, E.coli and tuberculosis. The diseases are transferred on the fur of the rat and as they travel they spread the allergens and disease where they travel.

Determining if you have Rats can be a challenge as they are a nocturnal animal and try as best as they can to stay clear of humans. Some indications that you may have a rat problem are the following signs:

  • Ripped or damaged food packaging
  • Rat feces it should be noted that rats leave dark, tapered droppings about 10-14mm long
  • Rat nests can be found in garden sheds
  • A Rat infestation carries its own distinctive odor which is like ammonia
  • If you hear a scurrying or scratching noise in your walls or under your floor at night that is a strong indication

A common tactic in getting rid of rats is the use of an ultrasonic repellant which emits a frequency of sound that makes it uncomfortable for rats but is outside the audible range for humans so it does not bother you as you sleep. Used primarily as a deterrent and not recommend if you currently have an infestation because rats have been known to get acclimatized to the sound and then stay in your home.

As with all pest control strategies it is best to not attract rats with food. One should store all food items in plastic containers and be diligent in cleaning up after pets and small children and underneath stoves and fridges.

Pictures of Termites

Termites can be found around the world however they thrive in areas where temperatures are on average warm throughout the year and there is ample supply of moisture. The common termite found in the US is a descendant of the cockroach family and have existed within forests for millions of years.

To identify a termite you can look at their color. They come in translucent, white and dark almost black in color. The have six legs and a soft outer protective shell and they have wings as well. Termites are classified as swarmers and can be referred to as reproductive termites because it is their caste that swarms in order to mate and build new colonies. As with most insects of this type there is typically a single queen and many male worker termites. The swarmers are typically half of an inch long and have wings and are active during the daytime.

Determining if you have a termite infestation requires that first look for clues that relate to structural damage in your home. When floors are buckling or your ceiling look to be swollen this is a good indication that you may have a Termite infestation. The other telltale sign is that there is an odor similar to that of mold or mildew. You can also look for the remains of termites or their wings in and around areas that they can escape from such as roof soffit’s and pipes leading into your basement from the outdoors.